7 Causes Of  Leg Cramps At Night And How To Prevent It

leg cramps at night

Are you fast asleep? Suddenly, the muscles in the legs or below the knees get stiff, and you feel sleepy. It is a widespread and annoying pain. It’s called leg cramps at night. An involuntary tightening of the muscles causes this type of pain, and if the muscles cannot relax.

  Have you ever had cramps in your legs while sleeping at night? Then you know very well what an unimaginable hardship. You have to get out of bed at night by stretching. There is no way to move. It usually lasts 10 to 15 seconds. If the muscles rust, it can last a long time. Night leg cramps are inactive during the day.

What are Leg Cramps? 

Leg cramps at night are for muscle contraction in the foot. It happens and on its own. Leg cramps at night occur suddenly and appear on their own. Again, this muscle contraction resolves on its muscle contractions are more common in older people than in younger people. In sport, muscle contractions there also seen in athletes or people due to physical activity. 

7 Main Cause of Leg Cramps At Night And Its Symptoms:

Can find most of the time no specific cause of leg cramps at night. Naturally, night leg cramps can occur for muscle fatigue and nerve problems.

Additionally, there is a risk of cramps in the legs at night with age. Pregnant women also suffer from night cramps. Studies have shown that velvety symptoms such as kidney failure and diabetic nerve damage cause cramps in the legs at night.

Leg cramps at night Let’s find out the causes of the problem:


Overwork for a long time due to the leg muscles a lot of the time. It may take more tension. Suppose You are standing for a long time. What is happens with more variety, the reason may be.

2.Not doing enough stretching:

Do some stretching every day. Stretching after warm-up or after the bath will be beneficial. Dr. “You want your muscles to be strong and flexible,” Gladden said. Adequate stretching after the introduction will help you achieve this goal.

3.Blood circulation is low:

If your leg muscles get tense while walking, it may be due to your circulatory problems. It also affects your sleep.

Problems with the circulatory system can cause Dr. Muscle contractions, Gladden said. If your legs get tense while you walk and it doesn’t stop, you must see a doctor.

4.Side effects of the drug:

Some medications, including statins and furosemide LASIX, can cause muscle contractions. Talk to your doctor if you notice any muscle tension problems after taking any new exercise: Vitamin deficiency.

To stay healthy, you need various minerals like calcium, potassium, magnesium. So many different vitamins like B-6, B-12, B-C are required. If all these vitamins or minerals vary due to physiological reasons, then muscle tension can occur.

5.Excessive exercise:

If you exercise a lot more than usual, it can lead to muscle fatigue. It can lead to muscle contractions.

6.pregnancy and older age people:

In different nerves during pregnancy, there is pressure, so the feet at that time.

Leg cramps at night are ordinary matter. Leg cramps can occur due to the weight of the baby and pressure on the leg muscles. Older people are more expected to experience leg cramps at night. A study published in the BMC Family Journal found that about 33% of people over 50 suffer from chronic leg cramps at night.


Leg cramps can occur due to malnutrition. Enough in your body Make sure that calcium, magnesium, and potassium levels are present.

Also, cause of your bad habit, such as smoking, drinking is terrible for leg cramps at night. As the blood circulation in the smokers, legs is less. Their legs get stretched after a short walk.

Symptoms of Leg Cramps at Night:

Cramping is more noticeable when you sneeze, cough, or change position while sitting or lying down. These cramps can come up and down your knees during the day but are more noticeable leg cramps at night when fatigue and fluid retention occur.

You may wake up at night with a sudden, painful pull on the muscles under your feet, thinking it is a dream. Its pains are harmful, but they are not usually a cause for concern if they do not persist and are not severe enough to interfere with your daily life.

Consult your doctor if you experience severe problems. Suppose you have focus vision around your eyes, swelling of the face, or abnormal swelling of the legs and ankles, or swelling of one leg more than the other. Leg cramps can indicate blood clots.

What to do if you suddenly have leg cramps at night?

If the muscle is tense, the leg cramps at night, muscles that are tight muscle need to be relaxed quickly. It will stretch the muscles and relax. The rule for trying a force is.

  1. If you feel leg cramps at night, the tension in the muscles of the back of the foot below the knee, then straighten the leg and gently pull the toes towards you with your hands. And if it is towards the front, then bend the legs and pull the toes towards the back.

2.This often happens behind the thighs, then lie on your back, bend your legs and bring your knees close to your chest as much as you can. And gently massage the back muscles of the thighs with your hands to relax.

  1. If the muscles become stiff, give a hot bake to the affected muscle through a water bag or hot bag. Again, if the muscles are softer and swollen and painful, put ice in it with an ice bag. Get quite comfortable. Everyone has a move or Vix painkiller balm or gel at home, with which you can gently massage that muscle.

Some practical tips in the home :

1.Use hot bags.

  1. If the muscles are more swollen, give a cold toast with an ice bag.
  2. Use Move or Vix painkiller balm or gel.

4.Eating  regularly vegetables, fruits, dates, milk, and meat contain adequate amounts of calcium, magnesium, and potassium.

5.If you have a terrible habit of intoxication, you have to get out of it.

What are the ways to avoid this problem:

  1. should consume an adequate amount of water.

(2) It is necessary to take it as a mealtime throughout the day. It is essential to eat balanced food.

(3) It is important to take a temporary break from time to time without working continuously.

(4) Should eat vitamin-rich food should be eaten. Eat fruits rich in vitamin-C.

(5) Many women are deficient in minerals during pregnancy. Repeated muscle tension should be consulted by a doctor immediately.

If you follow all these ways, you will get temporary relief.

How to Stop Leg Cramps at Night:

The following tips can help you avoid foot obstructions during sleep:

  • Drink plenty of fluids:  

Fluids allow regular muscle activity. You might have to adjust how much fluid you drink depending on the weather, your age, activity level, and the medications you are taking.

  • Medicine:

Painkillers will not immediately remove leg cramping but will help reduce the pain associated with cramps. It would help if you talked to your doctor first about how safe these medications are for you.

  • Stretch your legs:  

Stretching your calves and hamstrings before going to bed can reduce the frequency and intensity of nocturnal leg cramps. Ride a stationary bike. A few minutes of easy pedaling can help you loosen your leg muscles before you go to sleep. There are also other ways how to fix a tight hamstring like the use of equipment to alleviate tension in the calves and hamstrings.

  • Change your sleeping position: 

You should avoid sleeping with your feet pointing downwards. Try to sleep on your back with a pillow behind your knees.

  • Avoid bulky or tucked-in beds:

Bulky or tuck-in beds can push your legs down during your sleep. Choose loose, piece sheets and a comforter that will allow you to keep your feet and toes straight during sleep.

How is leg cramps diagnosed and treated:

No specific tests are needed to get night foot cramps. If you experience any of these symptoms, see your doctor for swelling, injury, or other problems. If a suspicious condition is seen, may an X-ray may be done.

In most cases, night leg cramps heal on their own. No primary treatment is with proper exercise and rest.

Best Food to Prevent Leg Cramps:

Eat healthy foods rich in calcium, potassium, and magnesium, especially if you are pregnant.

You should take regular eating tomato Juice, Dried Fruit, Milk, Lemon Juice, Banana, Sweet potato, vegetables, Pumpkins such as Potassium Potato, Fish, Dairy,  etc., and Carbos Breakfast.

Frequently asks and answer:

  • What prevents leg cramps as a result of drinking water before sleep?

Ans: Vitamins often do not work overtime. But taking antihistamines or calcium channel blockers can help people with muscle cramps. However, if that doesn’t work and the kinks come back to you every night, try drinking about 6 ounces of water before going to bed.

  • What can you do to alleviate the pain?

Ans: My muscles may feel pain and tenderness after cramps for some time. Paracetamol’s useful as a painkiller, and paracetamol can be considered a pain reliever. 

Take a warm bath instead. In rare cases, leg cramps or leg pain can be caused by a blood clot in a vein in the leg (venous thromboembolism). If the pain is due to a blood clot, it may need treatment.

  • How to pull the leg cramps at night?

Ans: There are two types of muscles in the human body. Those who do not act as they wish, such as the heart. We can run as ourselves. With the help of optional muscles, we move our limbs and do different things. These muscles usually contract or expand. But sometimes, the muscles tighten permanently and cannot be stretched. The same thing happens with leg cramps at night.

  • What causes leg cramps?

Ans: There are leading causes of Lactic acid collecting in the muscles. If more energy is applied to the body’s capacity, keeping our muscles from contracting does not allow them to expand.

Ninety percent of our body is full of fluid. When the amount of fluid in the body is right, the organs also work correctly. When the amount of water is less, the balance of the body is lost. That’s when I can see leg cramps at night.

  • What are the best vitamins for leg cramps at night?

Ans: Magnesium is the fourth most abundant mineral in the body and its function is necessary to control the functioning of the body. It is involved in more than 300 biochemical processes in your body, including muscle contractions and nerve infections.  Tested remedies for magnesium leg cramps are available.

  • What to do if you pull back in the future?


  1. Sit on the floor and spread your legs in front.
  2. Press your toes towards the knees a few times.
  3. Get up and walk around.
  4. Gently massage the affected area.


If you have ever experienced leg cramps at night, you know how painful they can be. Doctors call them “Nocturnal Muscle Cramps.” Fortunately, they are usually not a sign of a severe problem. It also starts to get severe on the soles of the feet. In such a situation, the legs are straight.


It is not possible to fold. It is not possible to move due to pain. However, it is more in the sleeping state. Stretching the calf and hamstring muscles before bed can help prevent nocturnal leg obstruction.





Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here